Constructed towards the end of the 12th century by the Khmer people (under the rule of King Jayavarman VII), Angkor Thom is a sprawling walled city made from a red clay material known as laterite. It spans an area of 9 square kilometres, featuring giant monuments and intricate artwork from previous eras. The city has face-towers at each entrance and all towers are decked with gigantic figures. At the heart of the city is the Bayon, the king's state temple. The city's other main attractions can be found on the north, surrounding the Victory Square. The city rests on the west side of the Siem Reap River. 7.2 kilometres below the south gate is the city of Siem Reap. The southern end of Angkor Thom is just 1.7 kilometres away from the famous Angkor Wat.
The city's 8-meter walls are surrounded by a 3-kilometer moat, covering an area as large as the city itself. All the gates, located on the city's major points, open to roads that lead straight to the state temple. To the east is Victory Square, while the Royal Palace is situated to the north of the Bayon.